GLADNET Webinar Series: "Is there a Disability Gap in Employment Rates in Developing Countries?"
|Date: ||Dec 11, 2012 —
Dec 11, 2012|
|Location: || ,
This webinar explores the differences in employment rates between persons with and without disabilities in 15 developing countries using the World Health Survey. These countries include: seven countries in Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia, Zimbabwe), four countries in Asia (Bangladesh, Laos, Pakistan, Philippines) and four countries in South America and the Caribbean (Brazil, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Paraguay). Participants in this webinar will explore the findings of this study, including:
• People with disabilities have lower employment rates than persons without disabilities in nine countries;
• Across countries, disability gaps in employment rates are more often found for men than women;
• The largest disability gap in employment rates is found for persons with multiple disabilities; and,
• For countries with a disability gap, results from a logistic decomposition suggest that observable characteristics of persons with/without disabilities do not explain most of the gap.
Over the course of the webinar, participants will gain an understanding of the national and global implications of the findings in relationship to policy and practice gaps that need to be addressed to facilitate full community-citizenship for people with disabilities.
GLADNET Webinar Series:
|Date: ||Jan 21, 2013 —
Jan 21, 2013|
|Location: || ,
About 15% of the world population lives with some form of disability. Yet little is known about the economic lives of persons with disabilities, especially in developing countries. This webinar presents the findings of a study which for the first time used internationally comparable data to draw an economic profile of persons with disabilities in 15 developing countries. These countries include: seven countries in Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia, Zimbabwe), four countries in Asia (Bangladesh, Laos, Pakistan, Philippines) and four countries in South America and the Caribbean (Brazil, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Paraguay).Participants in this webinar will explore the findings of the study which documented:
• In most countries, disability is found to be significantly associated with higher multidimensional poverty;
• Disability is also found to be associated with lower educational attainment, lower employment rates and higher medical expenditures;
• Among persons with disabilities, persons aged 40 and above and persons with multiple disabilities were more likely to be multi-dimensionally poor.
Participants will gain an understanding of the multidimensional perspective of disability and poverty and discuss practical implications to address disparities.
GLADNET Webinar Series: "Addressing the Disability Employment, Education and Economic Gap"
|Date: ||Mar 18, 2013 —
Mar 18, 2013|
|Location: || ,
In high-income countries, considerable information is available on policy and program measures introduced to tackle employment, education and economic disparity experienced by individuals with disabilities. Trends in reducing and eliminating sheltered employment in this group of countries are well documented, and there is considerable evidence about new options that have emerged – including supported employment, social enterprises and telework. When it comes to the situation in low-income, developing countries, however, less information is available to inform policy decisions. This webinar draws on available evidence about work opportunities open to people with disabilities in such countries, examining what has been achieved and what remains to be done to promote decent work and tackle the poverty trap that many find themselves in. A particular focus is placed on self-employment and the development of cooperatives and small businesses, given that most new job opportunities in these countries lie in the informal economy. The discussion is set against the backdrop of international standards ratified by many developing countries that set a vision of equal opportunity and non-discrimination which must inform laws, policies and practice everywhere.
GLADNET Webinar Series: "Job Retention and Reintegration of Workers Experiencing Mental Distress"
|Date: ||May 15, 2013 —
May 15, 2013|
|Location: || ,
At any one moment, around 20% of the working-age population in the average OECD country is suffering from a mental disorder in a clinical sense. In developed countries over 44% of people with mental difficulties do not seek help. In developing countries the number is closer to 90%. Stigma and fear are major barriers to looking for help. The median age at onset across all types of mental disorders is around 14 years of age, with 75% of all illnesses having developed by age 24. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that one in four people in the world will be affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives. Mental ill-health difficulties will account for 15% of the total burden of disease globally by 2020 and depression will be second only to heart disease. Mental health problems and illnesses typically account for approximately 30% of short- and long-term disability claims and 70% in the case of young people. An estimated 57.7 million adults in America, 26.2% of the population, have a mental disorder. In any given year, one in five people in Canada experience a mental health problem or illness and the cost to the economy is well in excess of $50 billion. The costs of mental health problems have been estimated to be equivalent to be at least 3% of Gross National Product (GNP) in the EU. Costs associated with lost employment are considered to be the single greatest contributor to costs. The OECD has called for policy to shift away from severe to common mental disorders and sub-threshold conditions and to focus upon more active and preventive strategies rather than current more reactive approaches. This seminar explores:
• The biopsychosocial basis of mental health;
• The dynamics of absence and return to work;
• The early identification of mental health problems;
• Workplace strategies to maintain workers experiencing mental distress;
• Supports and interventions to build workers’ capacity to cope with stress;
• Strategies to promote the reintegration of workers, who have withdrawn from work as a result of a mental health condition.